We can divide them into two groups; by material (composite, amalgam, glass ionomer, combination of composite and glass ionomer) and in terms of size (one, two or three parts).
Endodontics is a branch od dental medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of pathologies within the pulp or root.
The dental pulp is inside the canal, which is located in each root of the tooth. The pulp consists of nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue, which plays an important role in the development and maintenance of the vitality of the tooth.
Endodontic treatment is carried out when caries destroys the tooth deep under the enamel and dentin from the inside and reaches the pulp.
The penetration of toxins and bacteria causes infection of the pulp, which leads to an increase in tooth sensitivity when biting or to heat. If a tooth with inflammation is not treated, the infection spreads to the bone, creating a process around the root of the tooth. The priority of our dentists is to cure and preserve the tooth and its root, but the therapy requires patience, which is an important and necessary part of endodontic dental treatment.
To give you a better idea of how endodontic treatment is performed, here are the stages of treatment: before starting the endodontic treatment, it is necessary to take an X-ray of the diseased teeth.
The therapy is carried out under local anesthesia to make the procedure less painful. Endodontics begins with the removal of diseased dental tissue inflamed dental pulp with chemical and mechanical cleaning of the root canal in order to remove bacteria and infected tissue from the root canal.
After the canal is expanded and shaped, it is filled with biocompatible material to prevent the entry of bacteria to the top of the root and again infection. Hermetic filling of the root canal and adequate postendodontic treatment restoration of the tooth crown provides a permanent solution to the problem.
Crowns can be made of metal ceramic, zircon ceramic, full zircon and full ceramic (E-max crowns).
E-max crowns provide excellent aesthetics due to their transparency and imitation of natural tooth characteristics, which is why they are a very common material in the front region of the dental arch.
Zircon is a biocompatible material, there are no allergic reactions to the surrounding tissue, and thanks to its excellent mechanical properties, high values of strength, hardness and impressive aesthetics, its application in prosthetics is common.
Metal ceramic crowns are widely distributed because of their price-quality ratio. This type of crown is most often suitable for the back region of the dental arch.
According to the literature, 80% of implants last more than 10 years. Dental implants need lifelong maintenance, just like teeth.
Caring for implants is similar to caring for teeth. In each particular case, the patient receives instructions, but the following general rules always apply: use a suitable electric toothbrush, daily use of interdental brushes, regular examinations – for most people once a year, supragingival cleaning, i.e. removal of plaque, calculus and possible pockets, should be done at least twice a year.
Gingivitis is described as gum inflammation that surrounds the teeth, without affecting the supporting bone. Signs of development are redness and bleeding gums. It is important to diagnose gingivitis at an early stage because more serious periodontitis can develop, leading to severe oral complications.
Periodontitis is an advanced study of inflammation of the supporting dental tissues of a chronic course with bone loss.
The larger part of the bone is lost, the greater the probability that the person will be left without that tooth, that is, that the tooth will wobble or even fall out. The problem is that bone loss around the teeth can be irreversible, so periodontal treatment tries to prevent bone loss before it is too late to save the tooth.
TMD stands for temporomandibular joint disorder.
This applies to any TMJ dysfunction. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction occurs when the muscles and ligaments around the jaw joints become inflamed or irritated. The condition can be acute or chronic, and the resulting pain can be moderate or severe.
Temporomandibular disorder can be caused by an injury to the jaw joints or surrounding tissues. Other causes include: bruxism (teeth grinding/clenching), disc dislocation within the joint, arthritis, stress, acute trauma, improper bite
Temporomandibular joint dysfunction is most common between the ages of 20 and 40 and is more common in women than in men.
Some of the more common symptoms include: jaw pain, headaches, pain in the ears, pain in the neck or shoulders, difficulty opening the mouth wide, jaws that “lock” in open or closed mouth position, clicking, cracking or grinding sounds in the jaw joint when opening or closing the mouth, feeling of tiredness on the face, difficulty chewing, tinnitus or ringing in the ears, changes in the way your teeth fit together, swelling on the side of the face, and toothache.